Dario de Regeyos was a famous Spanish Impressionistic Painter. He was born in Northern Spain, moved to Madrid where he studied at Real Academia of Fine Art. Then he moved to Brussels.
In Brussels head adopted En Plein Air style and was influenced by Manet, Pissarro and he adopted an Impressionistic style. He travelled extensively Morocco, Belgium and Spain during 1880s with Adolfo Guiard. This influenced his painting and painting style.
He exhibited with L’essor and Lex XX. This was a group of painters based in Belgium who exhibited together yearly. It included Pissarro. Monet, Cezanne and Van Gogh.
He died of cancer in 1913 in Barcelona. During his lifetime he was not popular, however, he has gained popularity since that time and now is exhibited in Madrid, Bilbao and Malaga.
We then visited El Pimpi for lunch, a lovely day and a lovely finish to the year. We are having a summer break for the first time. The next meeting is September .
The autumn programme is:
· September Janice with Turner
· October Roger with Gainsborough
· November Sue and Gordon with Dali
· December a Christmas outing on the 9 December both groups.
In the autumn, we will maintain the same format of DVD plus discusssion. The second Wednesday in Canillas and third in El Morche.
Here is the detailed bio of Dario de Regoyos and Paula’s summary of Impressionism. (Group webpage has a link to Wikipedia.
Darío de Regoyos y Valdés (November 1, 1857 – October 29, 1913) was a Spanish painter. He was notable for contributing to "the renewal of modern Spanish painting". A student of Carlos de Haes at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in 1878 he studied at the Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts and in Brussels. He traveled extensively in the 1880s, accompanied by his friend, painter Adolfo Guiard (eu). He was a member of the art group L'Essor and a founding member of Les XX with the Belgian avant-garde scene. During these experiences he gained a significant influence from Impressionist and Neo-Impressionist painters.
His works include El paseo de Alderdi Eder (1894), Penaas de Duranguesado, La Espana Negra:Victimas de la fiesta (1894), Mercado de Villarnaca de Oria (1909), Gallinero (1912 ) and Polluelos (1912). Though his work was not very popular during his lifetime, after his death, a tribute exhibition was devoted to him in the Biblioteca Nacional de España in Madrid. Collections of his art are held by the Bilbao Fine Arts Museum, the Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya in Barcelona, Abelló Museum in Vallès Oriental, and the Carmen Thyssen Museum in Málaga.
Regoyos was born in Ribadesella, Northern Spain. In his youth, he moved to Madrid, entering the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in 1878. He was a student of Belgian Carlos de Haes. Invited by friends Enrique Fernández Arbós and Isaac Albéniz, and following the advice of Haes, Regoyos visited Brussels in the following year. He studied at the Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts and lived in the Belgian capital for ten years, his patron being Edmond Picard who introduced him to the thriving art world in Brussels.
An En plein air work by Darío de Regoyos.
Between 1881 and 1893, he travelled between Belgium, the Netherlands, and Spain. In 1882, he travelled to Morocco and Spain with Théo van Rysselberghe and Frantz Charlet. In the 1880s, he made several trips to Paris, accompanied by his friend, painter Adolfo Guiard. During these experiences he gained a significant influence from Impressionist and Neo-Impressionist painters. He encouraged exhibitions, concerts and other cultural activities in order to develop modern art in Belgium. As such, he was a member of the art group L'Essor and a founding member of Les XX with the Belgian avant-garde scene. He mixed with painters such as Théo van Rysselberghe and Frantz Charlet, Pissarro, Seurat, and Signac. Regarding his 1912 oil on canvas, Le Poulailler ("The Henhouse"), José Ortega y Gasset said that Regoyos "seemed to kneel to paint a cabbage". He also painted several smoking locomotive paintings. In 1883, he accompanied several painters on a tour of Spain, settling in the country the following year. He married in Spain in 1895, but continued to make multiple trips out of the country.
Regoyos died of cancer in Barcelona in 1913. Though his work was not very popular during his lifetime, after his death, a tribute exhibition was devoted to him in the Biblioteca Nacional de España in Madrid. Collections of his art are held by the Bilbao Fine Arts Museum, the Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya in Barcelona, Abelló Museum in Vallès Oriental, and the Carmen Thyssen Museum in Málaga. There are streets in Oviedo, Ribadesella, Bilbao, Irun, Azuqueca de Henares, and Cabezon de Pisuerga honoring his name. In 2008, a 0,43€ stamp was issued in Spain with his self-portrait.
In his early stage, Regoyos' painting evolved from Naturalism to pre-symbolism, an example being his series The black Spain, to Impressionism and Pointillism, being somewhat more daring than Ignacio Zuloaga and Joaquín Sorolla. In his mature stage, he created abundant landscapes en plein air of locations of Vizcaya and Guipúzcoa. His drawing was characterized as being somewhat primary, almost naive, in contrast to his colorful international taste, which was then largely unrivaled in Spain. Notable for contributing to "the renewal of modern Spanish painting", in Spain, he is best known for his introduction of Impressionism techniques.
Impressionism by Paula
Impressionism was the name taken from Claude Monet’s painting “Impression, Sunrise” in 1872 a hasty title that gave the Impressionist movement its name, in derision.
This is a major art movement developed chiefly in France in the 19th and early 20th C. Impressionism sought to express the general tone or impression produced by a scene or an idea, departing from the strong direct structure and themes of earlier Romantics or Realists. Impressionist painting embraced the work produced between 1867 and 1886 by a group of artists who shared a set of related approaches and techniques. None of these individual and pragmatics painters shared a set of specific principles but the most conspicuous characteristic of Impressionism was an attempt to depict objectively the fleeting moment of visual reality, usually in terms of pure light. Manet used to paint a different canvas, on the same subject, every half an hour to record the light changes.
“The Impressionist eye is the most advanced eye in human evolution that which up to now has seized upon and rendered the most complicated nuances known” Jules Laforgne 1860-1887 who was a Franco-Uruguayan poet who was directly influenced by Impressionism.
The Impressionist artists consisted of the principal painters of Claude Monet (1840), Eduard Manet (1833), Camille Pissarro (1830), Pierre August Renoir (1841), Alfred Sisley (1839), Edgar Degas (1834), Berthe Morisot (1841), the only woman, Armand Guillaumin (1841) and Frederic Bazille (1841), who all worked together. Most of them were from wealthy middle class families and had all been expected to follow their fathers into business, become a doctor or a lawyer. All of them dropped out and painted, and were all born in the same decade. Only Renoir was poor and relied on Frederic Bazille for his existence.
Claude Monet spent his childhood in La Havre, where he met Boudin who gave him some lessons. He had to do military service in Algeria, but back in Paris he entered the studio of Gleyre in 1862., where he met Renoir, Sisley and Bazille. He also shared Bazille’s studio.. He went to London and with Pissarro were introduced to JWT Turner’s work and were most impressed.
Alfred Sisley was the son of English parents and born in Paris. He’d had an excellent education and went into Gleyre’s studio where he met Monet, Renoir and Bazille. However, when his father died in 1870 and left the family in dire straits so his life became a long struggle against adversity and need. Deeply affected by the lack of interest in his work Sisley became difficult, irritable and grumpy. After his death in 1899 the merits of his work were realised and he was accorded the renown he sought all his life.
Camille Pissarro was born in the West Indies, he was sent to France at 12 to complete his education and although showed aptitude for art was sent back to the West Indies to work in the family business. Finally his parents agreed to let him become an artist.
Pierre August Renoir came from a poor family and Renoir began by painting porcelain. He saved his money and joined Gleyre’s studio where he was left to his own devices. The two great themes dear to Renoir were light and the female form. He became very friendly with Monet. Renoir changed his style a few times and broke from the Impressionist movement; he became more linear and then dropped this new style and went to the oily mother of pearl treatment, which became the image of Renoir. He suffered from acute rheumatism, an illness that was to plague him until the end of his life in 1919.
Eduard de Gas, known as Degas, was studying law when he dropped out and devoted himself to art. His parents came from New Orleans. He was uneasy being classed as an Impressionist; he was an isolated misanthrope; he achieved his fame with dancing and dancers; he also painted horses and racing scenes at Longchamp. However, Degas will remain famous for his pastels of women, in which observation and realism reach a coarseness that strips them of all mystery.
Berthe Morison. The only woman in the group. Manet made admirable portraits of her and she married Manet’s brother, Eugéne. She took part in the 1874 exhibition, and exhibited in all the Impressionist exhibitions up to 1886. She will be remembered for her watercolours and seascapes.
Armand Guillaumin was a government official and painted in his spare time – then he won the lottery and that enabled him to give up the day job and concentrate on painting.
Frederic Bazille is perhaps the saddest story. He was born in Montpellier to wealthy parents and was to become a doctor, but was painting in his spare time. He gradually abandoned his medical studies to devote himself to painting. He entered the Gleyre studio in 1862, where he met Monet, Renoir and Sisley. He shared lodgings with Renoir who was thus able to continue to work. Bazille died in the Franco-Prussian war in 1870 at the young age of 29 leaving behind some wonderful paintings, but his promise was never to be fulfilled.
Impressionism dissolved in 1886 but left behind a revolution in the history of art, providing a technical starting point for later artists such as Cézanne, Gaugin, Van Gogh and Seurat, and freeing Western painting from predetermined relationships between the artist and his subject matter.
The Gleyre studio was founded by a Swiss artist, Marc-Charles-Gabriel Gleyre, who took over the studio of Paul Delaroche in 1843. He was orphaned at 9 and brought up by an uncle in Lyon. He attended an industrial school. In his teens he went to Paris to study art. He travelled to Greece, Egypt, Nubia and Syria. He became seriously ill and returned to Lyon in very poor health. He recovered and established a small studio, where he retired from public competition. He was a confirmed celibate and died aged 68.
Thanks for all your enthusiasm